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17.130.015 Additional definitions.
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Accessory equipment” means any equipment associated with the installation of a wireless telecommunications facility, including but not limited to cabling, generators, air conditioning units, electrical panels, equipment shelters, equipment cabinets, equipment buildings, pedestals, meters, vaults, splice boxes, and surface location markers.

Antenna” means that part of a wireless telecommunications facility designed to radiate or receive radio frequency signals or electromagnetic waves for the provision of services, including, but not limited to, cellular, paging, personal communications services (PCS) and microwave communications. Such devices include, but are not limited to, directional antennas, such as panel antenna, microwave dishes, and satellite dishes; omnidirectional antennas; wireless access points (Wi-Fi); and strand-mounted wireless access points. This definition does not apply to broadcast antennas, antennas designed for amateur radio use, or satellite dishes designed for residential or household purposes.

1. Antenna, building-mountedmeans any antenna, other than an antenna with its supports resting on the ground, directly attached or affixed to a building, tank, tower, building-mounted mast less than 13 feet tall and six inches in diameter, or structure other than a telecommunications tower.

2. Antenna, ground-mountedmeans any antenna with its base placed directly on the ground or a mast less than 13 feet tall and six inches in diameter.

3. Antenna, verticalmeans a vertical type antenna without horizontal cross-sections greater than one-half inch in diameter.

4. Antenna, strand-mountedmeans an antenna mounted to a vertical or horizontal cable, including existing utility lines.

Antenna, minormeans a noncommercial antenna that meets any of the following criteria:

1. A ground- or building-mounted receive-only radio or television antenna including any mast;

2. A ground- or building-mounted citizens band radio antenna including any mast;

3. A single ground- or building-mounted whip (omni) antenna without a reflector less than four inches in diameter whose total height includes any mast to which it is attached;

4. A ground- or building-mounted panel antenna with a face area of less than four and one-half square feet;

5. A ground- or building-mounted satellite dish no greater than 10 feet in diameter; or

6. A ground-, building-, or tower-mounted antenna operated by a Federally licensed amateur radio operator as part of the Amateur Radio Service.

Antenna, Minor, Noncommercial. Minor antenna, noncommercialuses are separated into four classes:

1. Minor Antennas, Class A. Noncommercial minor antennas that meet the requirements of SMC 17.130.020 through 17.130.060, and comply with the following, as appropriate:

a. Ground-mounted antennas may not exceed 20 feet in height, except that citizens band radio antennas or a ground- or tower-mounted antenna operated by a Federally licensed radio operator as a part of the Amateur Radio Service may not exceed 30 feet in height.

b. Building-mounted antennas may not exceed 15 feet (including any mast height) on a building that does not exceed 35 feet in height.

2. Minor Antennas, Class B. Noncommercial minor antennas that meet the requirements of SMC 17.130.020 through 17.130.060, obtain site plan approval from the Planning Director, and comply with the following, as appropriate:

a. Ground-mounted antennas may not exceed 35 feet in height, except that citizens band radio antennas or a ground- or tower-mounted antenna operated by a Federally licensed radio operator as a part of the Amateur Radio Service may not exceed 75 feet in height.

b. Building-mounted antennas may not exceed 20 feet (including any mast height) on a building that does not exceed 35 feet in height, except that citizens band radio antennas or a ground- or tower-mounted antenna operated by a Federally licensed radio operator as a part of the Amateur Radio Service may not exceed 40 feet in height on a building that does not exceed 35 feet in height.

3. Minor Antennas, Class C. Noncommercial minor antennas that do not meet all of the requirements of SMC 17.130.020 through 17.130.060.

4. Minor Antennas, Class D. Noncommercial minor antennas that exceed the permitted heights for ground-mounted or building-mounted antennas, except that they may not exceed 100 feet in height.

Cellular” means an analog or digital wireless telecommunications technology that is based on a system of interconnected neighboring cell sites.

Eligible facilities request” means the same as defined by the FCC in 47 CFR Section 1.40001(b)(3), as may be amended, which defines that term as any request for modification of an existing tower or base station that does not substantially change the physical dimensions of such tower or base station, involving: (1) collocation of new transmission equipment; (2) removal of transmission equipment; or (3) replacement of transmission equipment.

Eligible support structure” means the same as defined by the FCC in 47 CFR Section 1.40001(b)(4), as may be amended, which defines that term as any tower or base station as defined in this section; provided, that it is existing at the time the relevant application is filed with the State or local government under this section.

Existing” means the same as defined by the FCC in 47 CFR Section 1.40001(b)(5), as may be amended, which provides that a constructed tower or base station is existing for purposes of the FCC’s Section 6409(a) regulations if it has been reviewed and approved under the applicable zoning or siting process, or under another State or local regulatory review process; provided, that a tower that has not been reviewed and approved because it was not in a zoned area when it was built, but was lawfully constructed, is existing for purposes of this definition.

FCC” means the Federal Communications Commission or its duly appointed successor agency.

Modification” means any change to an existing wireless telecommunications facility that involves any of the following: collocation, expansion, modification, alteration, enlargement, intensification, reduction, or augmentation, including, but not limited to, a change in size, shape, color, visual design, or exterior material. Modification does not include repair, replacement, or maintenance if those actions do not involve a change to the existing facility involving any of the following: collocation, expansion, modification, alteration, enlargement, intensification, reduction, or augmentation.

Monopole” means a structure consisting of a single pole used to support antennas or related equipment and includes a mono pine, mono red wood, and similar monopoles camouflaged to resemble trees or other objects.

Personal wireless service facilitiesmeans the same as defined in 47 U.S.C. Section 332(c)(7)(C)(i), as may be amended, which defines the term as facilities that provide personal wireless services.

Personal wireless services” means the same as defined in 47 U.S.C. Section 332(c)(7)(C)(i), as may be amended, which defines the term as commercial mobile services, unlicensed wireless services and common carrier wireless exchange access services.

Pole” means a single shaft of wood, steel, concrete, or other material capable of supporting the equipment mounted thereon in a safe and adequate manner and as required by provisions of the SMC. “Pole” does not include a City-owned pole with one or more streetlights and related equipment mounted on it that is solely operated by the City.

Public right-of-way” or “right-of-way” means any public street, public way, public alley or public place, laid out or dedicated, and the space on, above or below it, and all extensions thereof, and additions thereto, under the jurisdiction of the City.

RF” means radio frequency or electromagnetic waves between 30 kHz and 300 GHz in the electromagnetic spectrum range.

Section 6409(a)” means Section 6409(a) of the Middle-Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012, Pub. L. No. 112-96, 126 Stat. 156, codified as 47 U.S.C. Section 1455(a), as such law may be amended from time to time.

Section 6409(a) approval” means the approval required by Section 6409(a).

Silhouette” means a representation of the outline of the towers and antenna associated with a telecommunications facility, as seen from an elevation perspective.

Site” means the same as defined by the FCC in 47 CFR Section 1.40001(b)(6), as may be amended, which provides that for towers other than towers in the public rights-of-way, the current boundaries of the leased or owned property surrounding the tower and any access or utility easements currently related to the site, and, for other eligible support structures, further restricted to that area in proximity to the structure and to other transmission equipment already deployed on the ground.

Substantial change” means the same as defined by the FCC in 47 CFR Section 1.40001(b)(7), as may be amended, which defines that term differently based on the particular wireless facility type (tower or base station) and location (in or outside the public right-of-way). For clarity, this definition organizes the FCC’s criteria and thresholds for a substantial change according to the wireless facility type and location.

1. For towers outside the public rights-of-way, a substantial change occurs when:

a. The proposed collocation or modification increases the overall height more than 10 percent or the height of one additional antenna array not to exceed 20 feet (whichever is greater); or

b. The proposed collocation or modification increases the width more than 20 feet from the edge of the wireless tower or the width of the wireless tower at the level of the appurtenance (whichever is greater); or

c. The proposed collocation or modification involves the installation of more than the standard number of equipment cabinets for the technology involved, not to exceed four; or

d. The proposed collocation or modification involves excavation outside the current boundaries of the leased or owned property surrounding the wireless tower, including any access or utility easements currently related to the site.

2. For towers in the public rights-of-way and for all base stations, a substantial change occurs when:

a. The proposed collocation or modification increases the overall height more than 10 percent or 10 feet (whichever is greater); or

b. The proposed collocation or modification increases the width more than six feet from the edge of the wireless tower or base station; or

c. The proposed collocation or modification involves the installation of any new equipment cabinets on the ground when there are no existing ground-mounted equipment cabinets; or

d. The proposed collocation or modification involves the installation of any new ground-mounted equipment cabinets that are 10 percent larger in height or volume than any existing ground-mounted equipment cabinets; or

e. The proposed collocation or modification involves excavation outside the area in proximity to the structure and other transmission equipment already deployed on the ground.

3. In addition, for all towers and base stations wherever located, a substantial change occurs when:

a. The proposed collocation or modification would defeat the existing concealment elements of the support structure as determined by the Planning Director; or the proposed collocation or modification violates a prior condition of approval; provided, however, that the collocation need not comply with any prior condition of approval related to height, width, equipment cabinets or excavation that is inconsistent with the thresholds for a substantial change described in this section.

The thresholds for a substantial change outlined above are disjunctive. The failure to meet any one or more of the applicable thresholds means that a substantial change would occur. The thresholds for height increases are cumulative limits. For sites with horizontally separated deployments, the cumulative limit is measured from the originally permitted support structure without regard to any increases in size due to wireless equipment not included in the original design. For sites with vertically separated deployments, the cumulative limit is measured from the permitted site dimensions as they existed on February 22, 2012 – the date that Congress passed Section 6409(a).

Transmission equipment” means the same as defined by the FCC in 47 CFR Section 1.40001(b)(8), as may be amended, which defines that term as equipment that facilitates transmission for any FCC-licensed or authorized wireless communication service, including, but not limited to, radio transceivers, antennas, coaxial or fiber-optic cable, and regular and backup power supply. The term includes equipment associated with wireless communications services including, but not limited to, private, broadcast, and public safety services, as well as unlicensed wireless services and fixed wireless services such as microwave backhaul.

Utility pole” means a pole or tower owned by any utility company that is primarily used to support wires or cables necessary to the provision of electrical or other utility services regulated by the California Public Utilities Commission.

Wireless services” means any FCC-licensed or authorized wireless communication service transmitted over frequencies in the electromagnetic spectrum.

Wireless telecommunications facilityor “telecommunication facilityor “facilitymeans any facility constructed, installed, or operated for wireless service. “Wireless telecommunications facility” or “telecommunication facility” or “facility” includes, but is not limited to, antennas or other types of equipment for the transmission or receipt of such signals, telecommunications towers or similar structures supporting such equipment, related accessory equipment, equipment buildings, parking areas, and other accessory development. “Wireless telecommunications facility” or “facility” does not mean any of the following:

1. A facility that qualifies as an amateur station as defined by the FCC, 47 C.F.R. Part 97, of the Commission’s Rules, or its successor regulation.

2. An antenna facility that is subject to the FCC Over-The-Air-Receiving Devices rule, 47 C.F.R. Section 1.4000, or any successor regulation, including, but not limited to, direct-to-home satellite dishes that are less than one meter in diameter, TV antennas used to receive television broadcast signals and wireless cable antennas.

3. Portable radios and devices including, but not limited to, hand-held, vehicular, or other portable receivers, transmitters or transceivers, cellular phones, CB radios, emergency services radio, and other similar portable devices as determined by the Planning Director.

4. Telecommunications facilities owned and operated by any government agency.

5. Telecommunications facilities owned and operated by any emergency medical care provider.

6. Mobile services providing public information coverage of news events of a temporary nature.

7. Any wireless telecommunications facilities exempted from the SMC by Federal law or State law.

Wireless telecommunication facilities are further defined as follows:

1. Telecommunications facility – majormeans wireless telecommunications facilities greater than 35 feet in height and that adhere to SMC 17.130.010 to 17.130.240.

2. Telecommunications facility – minormeans a wireless telecommunications facility no greater than 35 feet in height and that adheres to SMC 17.130.010 through 17.130.250. If a facility does not meet these criteria, then it is considered a major telecommunications facility.

3. Telecommunications facility – collocatedmeans the same as defined by the FCC in 47 C.F.R. Section 1.40001(b)(2), as may be amended, which defines that term as the mounting or installation of transmission equipment on an eligible support structure for the purpose of transmitting or receiving radio frequency signals for communications purposes. As an illustration and not a limitation, the FCC’s definition effectively means “to add” and does not necessarily refer to more than one wireless telecommunication facility installed at a single site.

4. Telecommunications facility – commercialmeans a wireless telecommunications facility that is operated primarily for a business purpose or purposes.

5. Telecommunications facility – multiple usermeans a wireless telecommunications facility comprised of multiple telecommunications towers or buildings supporting one or more antennas owned or used by more than one public or private entity.

6. Telecommunications facility – noncommercialmeans a wireless telecommunications facility that is operated solely for a nonbusiness purpose.

7. Telecommunications tower” means a mast, pole, monopole, guyed tower, lattice tower, freestanding tower, or other structure designed and primarily used to support antennas. A ground- or building-mounted mast less than 13 feet tall and six inches in diameter supporting a single antenna shall not be considered a telecommunications tower. (Ord. 1123 § 3 (Exh. A § 4), 2019)

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