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Personal cannabis cultivation for medical or adult use shall be permitted only in compliance with the provisions of zoning districts and allowable uses (Chapter 17.25 SMC) and shall be subject to the following standards and limitations:

A. Medical Cannabis Maximum Limitation.

1. Personal Cultivation. The personal cultivation of medical cannabis is limited to no more than 100 square feet per residence regardless of the number of residents.

2. Primary Caregiver Cultivation. A primary caregiver, as defined in State law, may cultivate medical cannabis exclusively for the personal medical use of no more than five specified qualified patients, with the area of cultivation not to exceed 100 square feet per patient, up to a total of 500 square feet per residence.

a. Of the maximum 500 square feet of cultivation permitted, up to 200 square feet may be outdoors, with cultivation area in excess of 200 square feet to be located indoors, and complying with the operational requirements set forth in subsection E of this section.

B. Adult Use Cannabis Maximum Limitation. The personal cultivation of adult use cannabis is limited to no more than six mature plants per residence, regardless of the number of residents, and may be grown outdoors or indoors. Any such cultivation shall meet the operational requirements set forth in subsection E of this section.

C. Residency Requirement. Cultivation of cannabis for personal use may occur only by a full-time resident responsible for the cultivation.

D. Outdoor Cultivation. Cannabis plants shall not be located in a front yard, and shall not be located in a street side yard, unless fully screened from public view by a wall or fence complying with height and other requirements of the SMC.

E. The following operating requirements are applicable to personal cannabis cultivation:

1. Visibility. No visible markers or evidence indicating that cannabis is being cultivated on the site shall be visible from the public right-of-way at street level, or from school property.

2. Security. Cannabis cultivation areas and structures used for cultivation shall have security measures sufficient to prevent access by children or other unauthorized persons.

3. Prohibition of Volatile Solvents. The manufacture of cannabis products for personal noncommercial consumption shall be limited to processes that are solvent-free or that employ only nonflammable, nontoxic solvents that are recognized as safe pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. The use of volatile solvents to manufacture cannabis products for personal consumption is prohibited.

4. All structures used for personal cannabis cultivation (including accessory structures, greenhouses, and garages) must be legally constructed with all applicable building and fire permits (including grading, building, electrical, mechanical and plumbing) and shall adhere to the development standards within the base zone.

5. Odor Control. All structures used for cultivation shall be equipped with odor control filtration and ventilation systems as may be necessary to ensure that odors do not constitute a nuisance.

6. Lighting. Interior and exterior lighting shall utilize best management practices and technologies for reducing glare, light pollution, and light trespass onto adjacent properties and the following standards:

a. Exterior lighting systems shall be provided for security purposes in a manner sufficient to provide illumination and clear visibility to all outdoor areas of the premises, including all points of ingress and egress. Exterior lighting shall be stationary, fully shielded, directed away from adjacent properties and public rights-of-way, and of an intensity compatible with the neighborhood. All exterior lighting shall be building code compliant.

b. Interior light systems shall be fully shielded, including adequate coverings on windows, to confine light and glare to the interior of the structure.

7. Noise. Use of air conditioning and ventilation equipment shall comply with Chapter 8.25 SMC (Noise Control Ordinance). The use of generators is prohibited, except as short-term temporary emergency back-up systems.

8. All personal cannabis cultivation shall comply with the Best Management Practices for Cannabis Cultivation issued by the Sonoma County Agricultural Commission for management of waste, water, erosion control and management of fertilizers and pesticides.

9. If the cultivation occurs in a dwelling unit, the dwelling unit shall be occupied as a residence and retain at all times legal and functioning cooking, sleeping and sanitation facilities.

10. If the cultivation occurs in a dwelling unit or other enclosed structure, a portable fire extinguisher that complies with regulations and standards adopted by the State Fire Marshal shall be kept in the area of cultivation. (Ord. 1147 §2 (Exh. A), 2023)